Why lock documents to specific devices, countries, IPs?

Locking Documents for IPR control.

Although one of the primary requirements in PDF DRM (Digital Rights Management) is to identify the authorized user of a document, and make sure that only that person can use protected documents, it is relatively difficult to identify people, and although the IT industry has been working on improving the well out of date ID/Password combination, it is still in common use for flexibility of operation when better tools are available. Read more

Document Security Solutions – Encryption, DLP, ERM, IRM, DRM

Choosing the right Document Security.

Abraham Maslow said in 1966, “I suppose it is tempting, if the only tool you have is a hammer, to treat everything as if it were a nail.”  And that is disturbingly true for most of us – especially product manufacturers who want to sell the security silver bullet (aka snake oil) to cure all ills.

So if you want to ‘secure’ a document, immediately four types of security vendor will be extolling their virtues and wares: Data Leakage Prevention (DLP), Encryption, Digital Rights Management (DRM) and Enterprise Rights Management (ERM)or Information Rights Management (IRM). Read more

DRM, Copyright Protection and the DMCA

DRM & the Protection of digital information.

Who says lightning never strikes twice in the same place?  They are wrong.  On the same day it is reported that HP have included new Digital Rights Management (DRM) in their printers to make them refuse to work with ‘foreign’ cartridges, and Claims are made that DRM restrictions lead customers to illegal activity.

Lest we forget, HP have had chips on their cartridges for some time now that decide when the cartridge is empty and if the new cartridge is ‘genuine’ but I’m not convinced by the argument that DRM is being used is correct. Read more

PDF DRM & Offline use of Documents

The importance of offline access for document DRM.

Whenever something on the computer stops working it’s always the fault of the provider of the end user application.  And if DRM controls are present any failure is bound to be the fault of the evil DRM provider regardless of the facts. Read more

Document Watermarking

Watermarks for document security.

Watermarking is quite an old technique, appearing to start in the 13th century when it identified the papermaker or the trade guild manufacturing the paper.  So right from the beginning it was about preventing forgery and identifying the source of the paper.  The Gutenberg Bible was watermarked. Read more